The Atlantic City Heritage Collections maintains files on subjects related to Atlantic City. These files include newspaper clippings, brochures, pamphlets, reports, and other paper information. The files are not comprehensive and not all items in the files are dated. An alphabetical list of the subject headings for the files is below. The Atlantic City Heriage Collections also maintains biographical subject files for people connected to Atlantic City history past and present.

You are welcome to visit and research information using the subject files. The resources in the collections, including the subject files and archival collections, photograph and postcard collections, are only available during research hours or by special appointment.

If you are unable to visit the Library in person, please refer to the information on Copy and Research Fees before contacting staff.

Local History Subject Files (alphabetical listing of topics)

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbot's Dairies - SEE: Dairies
Abscam - SEE: Casino Control Commission-Bribery Scandal
Absecon Lighthouse - SEE: Lighthouse
Acrobats (Wirengards Family) - SEE: Piers-Steel Pier
Aerial Views - SEE: Heston Photograph Collection
Aero Show 1910 - SEE: Aviation History
AIDS - SEE: Public Health
AIDS Memorial Quilt (1990 Display in Atlantic City)
Airports & Airlines [SEE ALSO: Aviation History; Transportation-South Jersey Transportation Authority; Archival Collection H046- Atlantic City Aero Club Scrapbook Collection, 1910-1912]
--Atlantic City International Airport
--Bader Field
Albany Avenue Monument – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Algae - SEE: Archival Collection H003 - Anne Fothergill Collection of Preserved Algae
All Wars Memorial Building – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments[SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H035 - ACFPL Scrapbook Collection]
Amatol Munitions Plant – SEE: Heston Book Collection (940.373 Ham)
Amatol Speedway – SEE: Automobile Racing-Amatol Speedway
American Library Association (1969 Conference in Atlantic City)
"American Babylon" [documentary] – SEE: Police
American Legion
Amusements[SEE ALSO: Bicycle Railway; Diving Bell; Diving Horse; Ferris Wheel; Piers; Ripley’s Believe It Or Not Museum; Tussaud’s Wax Museum]
APEX Beauty School - SEE: Biography File-Washington, Sara Spencer
APEX Country Club – SEE: Biography File-Washington, Sara Spencer[SEE ALSO: Black History Photo Collection-APEX Country Club]
Architecture & Buildings [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
--Bahia Vista/Sandcastle
--Knights of Columbus Building
--Mansions
--Masonic Temple
--Metroplex
--Sears Homes of Atlantic City
--Thomas Edison House
Art – SEE: Heston-Archival Collections[SEE ALSO: Art & Cultural Organizations/Events; Art Exhibits: Artists; Post Office Murals 1939]
Art & Cultural Organizations/Events [SEE ALSO: Performers]
--African American Heritage Museum of Southern NJ
--Artlantic
--Atlantic City Art Association
--Atlantic City Art Center [SEE ALSO: Piers-Garden Pier]
--Atlantic City Arts Commission
--Atlantic City Boys Choir
--Atlantic City Community Concert Association
--Atlantic City Historical Museum [SEE ALSO: Piers-Garden Pier; Print Binder]
--Atlantic County History Day
--Atlantic Performing Arts Center
--Cultural Plan (for Atlantic City)
--Dante Hall Performing Arts Center
--Dramateurs Theatre Group [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H017 - Dramateurs Theatre Group Collection, 1941-1983]
--Noyes Arts Garage
--Noyes Museum
--South Jersey Regional Theater
--Theater Programs - SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 - Programs)
--Theaters
---Apollo Theater
---Earle Theater
---Embassy Theater
---Globe Theater
---Stanley Theater
---Toy Theatre
---Warner Theater [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9); Heston Photo Collection (pre-demolition photos)]
---Warren Theater
---Yiddish Theater
Art Exhibits [SEE ALSO: Art & Cultural Organizations-Atlantic City Art Center Sculpture]
--Annual Black Art Exhibit
Artists
Asian Community
Atlantic Cape Community College
Atlantic City
--Charter
--Charter Study Commission - SEE : Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
--City Hall [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)]
--City Employees
--Comptroller’s Report – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
--Form of Government (History of Changes)
--Government – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
--Legal Codes & Ordinances – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6) [For current code, SEE: Code of the City of Atlantic City]
--Seal & Flag
Atlantic City Alliance
Atlantic City Art Center -- SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations
Atlantic City Ballet
Atlantic City Beach Patrol [SEE ALSO: Van Duyne Boats; Archival Collection H033 - Atlantic City Beach Patrol Collection]
Atlantic City Beautification Committee – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Atlantic City Board of Trade – SEE: Black Business
Atlantic City Boys Choir – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations
Atlantic City/Brigantine Connector – SEE: Transportation-Tunnel
Atlantic City Budget [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)]
Atlantic City Casino Association – SEE: Casino Association of NJ
Atlantic City Casino Hotel – SEE: Casino Association of NJ
Atlantic City Convention & Visitors Authority – SEE: Convention & Visitors Authority [SEE ALSO: Boardwalk Hall, Convention Center]
Atlantic City Country Club
Atlantic City Electric Company [SEE ALSO: Nuclear Power Plant]
Atlantic City Expressway – SEE: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways[SEE ALSO: Transportation-South Jersey Transportation Authority]
Atlantic City Expressway Connector – SEE: Transportation-Tunnel
Atlantic City Firsts – SEE: History of Atlantic City – Firsts
Atlantic City Free Public Library – SEE: Archival Collection H001 - Records of the Atlantic City Free Public Library
Atlantic City Hall of Fame – SEE: Heston Print Binder
Atlantic City High School – SEE: Schools
Atlantic City Historical Museum – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations
Atlantic City Marathon
Atlantic City Medical Center – SEE: Hospitals
Atlantic City Municipal Utilities Authority/ACUA
Atlantic City Pop Festival 1969
Atlantic City Rescue Mission[SEE ALSO: Homeless]
Atlantic City Seven
Atlantic City Show 1931 – SEE: Business & Industry
Atlantic City Surf – SEE: Baseball
Atlantic Community College – SEE: Atlantic Cape Community College
Atlantic County
--Courts
--Freeholders
--Government – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
--Historical & Misc. Facts – SEE: Heston Print Binder
--Human Services
--King, Martin Luther Jr. Award Recipients
--Library Services
--Manuals – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
--Mental Health Services
Atlantic County Historical Society – SEE: Historical Societies in Atlantic County
Atlantic County Improvement Authority
Atlantic County Transportation Authority – SEE: Transportation
Atlantic Generating Station – SEE: Nuclear Power Plant
Atlantic Homeless Alliance
AtlantiCare - SEE: Hospitals-AtlantiCare
Auction Houses
Authors[For works by local authors SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stacks 10, 13)]
Automobiles
--Amatol Speedway
Aviation
-- Atlantic City Air Show
Aviation History [SEE ALSO: Airports & Airlines; Civil Air Patrol; Archival Collection H046 - Atlantic City Aero Club Scrapbook Collection, 1910-1912]
--Aero Show 1910 [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection (binder); Archival Collection H046 - Atlantic City Aero Club Scrapbook Collection, 1910-1912]]
--Airships "Akron" and "America"
--Lindbergh Visit to Atlantic City 1927
Awards

Baby Parade
Bader Field – SEE: Airports & Airlines
Back Maryland – SEE: Neighborhoods
Bahia Vista – SEE: Architecture & Buildings
Banks
Barbers
Baseball [SEE ALSO: Black Baseball]
--Minor League (Atlantic City Surf)
Basin Street Club – SEE: Archival Collection H007 - Harold P. Abrams Collection
Basketball
--Atlantic City Tides
--Sand Snipers Team – SEE: Archival Collection H037 - Sand Snipers Basketball Team Collection
--Sea Gulls Team
Bath Houses
Bathers – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Beach – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Beach and Bay Erosion – SEE: Erosion
Beach Bars
Beach Patrol –SEE: Atlantic City Beach Patrol
Beaches
Beachfest
Beatles (1964 in A.C.) – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Beer
--Beer Bell
--Diving Horse Beer
Betty Bacharach Home – SEE: Convalescent & Nursing Homes
Bicycle Race (1976 Pro-Am in A.C.)
Bicycle Railway
Bicycling
Bicycles – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Birds
Birdseye Views – SEE: Aerial Views
Black Art – SEE: Art Exhibits
Black Baseball [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H012 - Pop Lloyd Collection]
--Pop Lloyd Committee
Black Businesses[SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
Black Churches – SEE: Churches-African American [SEE ALSO: Black History Photo Collection-African American Churches]
Black Community Organizations/Events [SEE ALSO: Churches-African American; Kwanzaa]
--Links, Inc. [SEE ALSO: Art Exhibits-Annual Black Art Exhibit; Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
--N.A.A.C.P.
--101 Women Plus [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
--United Negro College Fund
--Vision 2000 Community Development Corporation
Black History (in Atlantic City)[SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
[SEE ALSO: Archival Collections H012 - Pop Lloyd Collection and H029 - Records of Fay-Mor-Wee, Home for the Aged and Infirmary, Inc.; Black Baseball; Black Businesses; Black Community Organizations/Events; Chicken Bone Beach; Churches-African American; Freedom Train; Kentucky Avenue Renaissance; Local History Biography Files ; Nightclubs -- Club Harlem and other Kentucky Avenue clubs; Sand Sculpture]
[For Black periodicals: Black Atlantic City Magazine, Black New Jersey Magazine, Black News and Events, Network News - SEE: Heston Periodicals (Stacks 1, 2)]
Black Horse Pike – SEE: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways
Board of Trade (African American Business Association) – SEE: Black Businesses [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
Boardwalk [SEE ALSO: Amusements; Diving Bell; Diving Horse; Piers; Ripley’s Believe It Or Not Museum; Rolling Chairs; Skating Rink; Tussaud’s Wax Museum]
--Centennial 1970
--Marketplace Project – SEE: Natco Realty & Development
--90th Anniversary – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
--Trams
Boardwalk Bullies – SEE: Hockey
Boardwalk Committee
Boardwalk Hall [SEE ALSO: Convention Hall]
Boat Show – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Boating
Boats – SEE: Van Duyne Boats; Ventnor Boat Works [SEE ALSO: Shipbuilding]
Boxing
Boy Scouts [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
Boys and Girls Clubs
Bridges
Brighton Park – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Budgets – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
Buildings – SEE: Architecture & Buildings
Bungalow Park – SEE: Neighborhoods
Buses – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)
Business & Industry [SEE ALSO: Convention & Visitors Authority; Black Business; Casino/Gaming Industry; Chamber of Commerce; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
--Atlantic City Business and Community Association
--Atlantic City Business Show 1931
--Special Improvement District

Cake, Largest
Camp Boardwalk Anniversaries [SEE ALSO: World War II; Archival Collection H024 - "Atlantic City Remembers World War II" Exhibit]
--1986
--1992
Carnegie Library
Casino Association of New Jersey (Former Names: Atlantic City Casino Association; Atlantic City Casino Hotel Association)
Casino Control Act – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
Casino Control Commission
--Bribery Scandal 1980 (“Abscam”)
--Decisions – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stacks 7, 8)
--Hearings – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
--Operating Casinos Annual Reports – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 10)
[For other CCC documents, SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stacks 9, 10)]
Casino Employees
Casino Hotel Association – SEE: Casino Association of New Jersey
Casino Hotels – SEE: Photo Envelopes
Casino Reinvestment Development Authority (CRDA)
--Annual Reports
--Land Use
--Tourism District
Casino Revenue Fund
Casino/Gaming Industry (in Atlantic City) [SEE ALSO: Development of Atlantic City-Conditions/Changes/Growth; Casinos/Specific (by name); Development of Atlantic City; Gambling-Legislation; Transportation-Tunnel Project; Heston Book Collection (Stacks 9, 10)]
--Development & Industry Performance 1970’s
--Development & Industry Performance 1980’s
--Development & Industry Performance 1990’s
--Development & Industry Performance 1993/15 Year Review
--Development & Industry Performance 1998/20 Year Review
--Development & Industry Performance 2000’s
--Development & Industry Performance 2003/25 Year Review
Casino Shutdown
Casinos - Development
Casinos - General (Directories, Fact Sheets, Chronologies, Locator Maps)
Casinos/Specific [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--Atlantic Club Casino Hotel
--Atlantis
--Bally’s
--Bally’s Grand
--Borgata
--Caesars
--Claridge – SEE ALSO: Hotels—Claridge (Pre-Casino)
--Golden Nugget/1980
--Golden Nugget/2011
--Greate Bay – SEE: Sands
--Hard Rock
--Harrah’s
--Hilton - SEE ALSO: Atlantic Club Casino Hotel
--Margaritaville
--MGM
--Pinnacle
--Playboy
--Resorts
--Revel/Morgan Stanley
--Sands
--Showboat
--Taj Mahal
--Tropicana
---Garage Collapse
--Trump Castle
--Trump Marina
--Trump Plaza
--Trump Regency
--Trump World’s Fair
Cats, Feral
Cemeteries
Census – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5); Microfilm Collection; HeritageQuest
Centennial 1954 – SEE: History of Atlantic City—Anniversaries
Chamber of Commerce [For early issues of Chamber Bulletin/Newsletter, SEE: Heston Periodical (Stack 2)]
--Events
--History & Press Clippings 1900s-1960s
--Membership & Publications (other than Bulletin/Newsletter)
Charities
Charter – SEE: Atlantic City - Charter
Charter Schools – SEE: Schools
Chelsea – SEE: Neighborhoods and Neighborhoods--Chelsea Neighborhood Association
Chestnut Neck
Chicken Bone Beach
Children’s Seashore House
Children’s Week 1934 & 1935
Christian Endeavor Convention
Christmas Lighting
Churches [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
--General/Cumulative Articles
--Baptist
---Chelsea Baptist
---First Baptist
--Catholic
---Holy Spirit
---Our Lady Star of the Sea
---St. Michael’s
---St. Nicholas of Tolentine
--Christian Science
--Episcopal
---All Saints
---Church of the Ascension [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9) for Historic Landmark Status]
---St. James
--Greek Orthodox
---St. Nicholas
--Lutheran
---St. Andrew’s-by-the-Sea
--Methodist
---Central Methodist
---Christ Methodist
---First Methodist
---St. Paul’s
--Presbyterian
---Atlantic City Metropolitan Ministry
---Chelsea Community Presbyterian
---First Presbyterian
---Olivet Presbyterian
Churches --African American
--General
--Asbury M.E. Church
--Pastor - Women
--St. James A. M. E.
--Second Baptist
Circus
City Council
--Corruption and Scandal
City Employees – SEE: Atlantic City – City Employees
City Hall – SEE: Atlantic City – City Hall
City Planning – SEE: Development of Atlantic City – Planning
Civil Air Patrol (N.J. Coastal Patrol #1, 1942) [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection; Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
Civil Defense
Civil Rights Garden – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Civil War Memorial – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Civilian Defense – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Climate and Weather [SEE ALSO: Storms; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Clothing & Dress
Club Harlem – SEE: Nightclubs—Club Harlem [SEE ALSO: Archival Collections H008 - Alma Fay Horn Photograph Collection and H006 - Audrey Hart Photograph Collection]
Clubs (Associations) – SEE: Community Organizations/Events
Clubs (Entertainment) – SEE: Nightclubs
Coast Guard
Columbus Statue – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments [SEE ALSO: Photo Binder]
Community Organizations/Events [SEE ALSO: Black Community; Churches; Gay & Lesbian Community; Hispanic Community; Irish-American Community; Italian-American Community; Jewish Community; Women’s Organizations; and specific names of organizations; Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)]
COMSERV
Condominiums
Connector Roadway – SEE: Transportation-Tunnel
Convalescent & Nursing Homes
Convention & Visitors Authority
Convention and Visitors Bureau (old)
Convention Center (New 1990’s) [SEE ALSO: Convention & Visitors Authority]
Convention Hall (Original) [SEE ALSO: Print Binder; Archival Collection H023 - Atlantic City Convention Hall Collection; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
--Construction 1920’s
--Dedication 1929
--Megastructure Project 1979-1980
--Organ
--Pictures
--Restoration/Rededication 2001 – SEE: Boardwalk Hall
Conventions
Cookbooks – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
Corridor Project
Covenant House
CRDA – SEE: Casino Reinvestment Development Authority
Crime
--Organized Crime [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)]
--Serial Murders 2006 (West Atlantic City)
Crittenton Mission [Florence Crittenton Home]
Cultural Events – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations/Events
Cultural Plan for Atlantic City –SEE: Arts & Cultural Organizations/Events-Cultural Plan

Dairies
--Abbot’s Dairy [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--Wawa Dairies – SEE: Heston Photo Collection]
--Wilson Dairy
Dance
Dance Marathons – SEE: Marathon Dances
Dante Hall – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations/Events – Dante Hall
Deeds (1896 Easement Deed from Henry Leeds to Atlantic City) [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H025 - Alfred M. Heston Papers; Parks/Memorials/Monuments (articles on beach/park easement deeds)]
Democratic Convention (1964 in A.C.) [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)]
Development of Atlantic City [SEE ALSO: Casino/Gaming Industry; Casino Reinvestment Development Authority; Convention & Visitor’s Authority] [For early development of Atlantic City, SEE: History of Atlantic City]
--Conditions/Changes/Growth 1960’s
--Conditions/Changes/Growth 1970’s (includes impact of casinos)
--Conditions/Changes/Growth 1980’s (includes impact of casinos)
--Conditions/Changes/Growth 1990’s (includes impact of casinos)
--Conditions/Changes/Growth 2000’s (includes impact of casinos)
--Conditions 2000s--Bader Field Development
--Consolidation/Merger (with other communities) Proposals 1920’s-1960’s
--Department of Planning & Development (A.C. Government) - SEE: Planning; Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)
--Planning/Master Plans – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)
Directories - SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
Diving Bell
Diving Horse
Diving Horse Beer – SEE: Beer-Diving Horse Beer
Dog Racing
Dolls
Dramateurs Theatre Group – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H017 - Dramateurs Theatre Group Collection, 1941-1983]
Drug Abuse
Ducktown – SEE: Neighborhoods

Easter Sunday
Economy – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
Education – SEE: Schools
Elderly
Elections [SEE ALSO: Atlantic City-Form of Government (History of Changes)]
--City and County
--Federal
--School Board
Employment – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
Engineering – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
Environment – SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
Erosion (Beach & Bay)

FAA Technical Center – SEE: Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center
Fact Sheets – SEE: History of Atlantic City
Facts in Brief (library publication) – SEE: History of Atlantic City
Falcon (Peregrine) – SEE: Birds
Farmland
Fay-Mor-Wee Home – SEE: Archival Collection H011 - Records of Fay-Mor-Wee, Home for the Aged and Infirmary, Inc. [SEE ALSO: Local History Biography File -Morris, S. LeRoy, Dr.]
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Center
Federal Corruption Case
Ferris Wheel
Fiction – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
Film Making in Atlantic City [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Fire Department [SEE ALSO: Local History Biography Files for specific captains, chiefs; Heston Book Collection (Stack 6); Heston Photo Collection; Black History Photo Collection-Police/Firemen/VFW]
Fires [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
Fireworks Display – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Firsts – SEE: History of Atlantic City
Fishing & Clamming
Fishing Clubs – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 10)
Five Hundred Club – SEE: Nightclubs
Flag – SEE: Atlantic City -- Seal & Flag
Flower and Garden Pageant 1931
Flower Mart
Flowers – SEE: Archival Collection H002 - Dr. Thomas K. Reed Paintings, 1907-1910
Flying Cloud – SEE: Gardner’s Basin
Folklore – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)
Food Market
Football
Fort Clark – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Founders Monument – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Four Horseman – SEE: Police
Fox, James/Sketches – SEE: History of Atlantic City
Freedom Train
Friends Society of Atlantic City
Fudge

Gamblers
--Underage
Gambling
--In Casinos – SEE: Casino/Gaming Industry
--Internet
--Legalization
--Pre Casino Era
Gaming Industry – SEE: Casino/Gaming Industry
Garden Pier – SEE: Piers-Garden Pier [SEE ALSO: Art & Cultural Organizations-Atlantic City Art Center; Art & Cultural Organizations-Atlantic City Historical Museum]
Garden State Film Festival
Gardner’s Basin
--Atlantic City Aquarium
--Flying Cloud (Ship)
--Indian Monument (Totem Sculpture)
Gay & Lesbian Community
Girl Scouts
Global Gaming
Golden Jubilee – SEE: History of Atlantic City—Anniversaries
Golf [SEE ALSO: Atlantic City Country Club; Local History Biography Files - Washington, Sara Spencer (Apex Country Club); Archival Collection H038 - Apex Country Club Photograph Collection]
Government – SEE: Atlantic City-Forms of Government
Governor Christie's Plan for Atlantic City, 2010
Grand Army of the Republic-1910 Encampment
Grand Boulevard – SEE: Corridor Project
Greek Temple Monument – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments

Hall of Fame - New Jersey
Harborfest – SEE: Gardner’s Basin
HAVEN
Health – SEE: Public Health
Highways – SEE: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways
Hispanic Community Organizations/Events
Historic Markers
Historic Sites – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9) [SEE ALSO: Architecture and Buildings]
Historical Societies in Atlantic County
History of Atlantic City [SEE ALSO: Black History; Hispanic Community History; Irish-American Community; Italian-American Community; Jewish Community; Heston Book Collection (Stack 12)]
--Anniversaries
--Centennial 1954 [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H026 - Atlantic City Centennial Celebration Scrapbook; Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
--Golden Jubilee – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
--Semicentennial 1904 [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
--Sesquicentennial 2004
--Annual Reviews
--Atlantic City Memories – SEE: Heston Print Binders
--Early History / Heston Clippings [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H025 - Alfred M. Heston Papers]
--Editorials
--Fact Sheets
--Know Your Town
--Firsts
--First Settler
--First Water Supply
--Oldest House
--Publicity/Promotional Materials
--Sketches by James Fox [SEE ALSO: Archival Collections]
--Trivia
--Views
Hockey
--Admirals
--Boardwalk Bullies
--Sea Gulls - SEE: Archival Collections H016 - Atlantic City Sea Gulls Hockey Team Collection, 1936-1941; H052 - Brisco Family Papers, 1923-1950 [SEE ALSO: Local History Biography File -Dorrington, Art; Heston Film Collection for documentary on Art Dorrington]
Holidays
Homeland Security
Homeless & Hunger [SEE ALSO: Atlantic City Rescue Mission; Local History Biography File -Webster, Jean; Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
Horse Racing
--Horse Races on the Beach
--Race Track
Horse Show [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 10)]
Horseback Riding on the Beach
Hospitals [SEE ALSO: Children’s Seashore House; Convalescent & Nursing Homes; World War II-Thomas England General Hospital; Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)]
--Atlantic City Hospital
--Atlantic City Medical Center
--AtlantiCare
--Municipal Hospital
--Shore Memorial Hospital
Hotel & Lodging Association
Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union – SEE: Labor Unions--HEREIU Local 54
Hotels/General (non Casino)
--Directories & Lists
[Note: The Hotels/General file contains information about hotels treated as a group, e.g., “Facts About Early Atlantic City Hotels”. For information on specific hotels , SEE: Hotel Subject Binders and Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Hotels/Kosher
Hotels/Specific (non Casino)
--Abbey – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Albemarle – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Alhambra – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Ambassador – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Arata - SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Ashland – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Astor – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Atlantic Palace – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Bala – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Berkshire – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Blackstone – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Borton – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Breakers – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Brighton – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Chalfonte-Haddon Hall – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
--Chelsea – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Chelsea-Deauville – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
--Claridge (pre casino hotel) – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
--Colonnade – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Columbus – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Comfort Inn – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Congress – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
--Continental Inn – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9-Pamphlet Box)
--Craig – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Days Inn – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Dennis – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box); Heston Photo Collection
--Deauville – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Deville – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
--Eastbourne – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Econo Lodge – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Flanders – SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Fox Manor – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Galen Hall – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
--Garden – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Gardens – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Hersh-Carlton - SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Holiday Inn – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Holmhurst – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Photo Collection
--Howard Johnson’s – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Inlet House – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Jefferson – SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--John’s – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Knickerbocker – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Kuehnle – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--La Belle – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Lafayette Motor Inn – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Lexington – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Ludy – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Luray – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Madison – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Majestic – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
--Maltesta – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Marlborough/Blenheim – SEE: Hotel Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9); Heston Photo Collection
--Marburg - SEE: Hotel Subject Binder
--Midtown Bala – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Monticello – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Morton – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--New Belmont – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--New Iroquis - SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--New Mansion – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--New York – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--New Yorker – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Osbourne – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Penn-Atlantic – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--President – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Quality Inn – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Radisson – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Rittenhouse – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Ritz-Carlton – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Royal Palace – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Saint Charles – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Photo Collection
--Scull House – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Sea View – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Seaside – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Senator – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Shelburne – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Sorrento – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--State Villa – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Strand – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Photo Collection
--Surf – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Surfside Hotel – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Terminal – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Traymore – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
--United States – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Waldorf Astoria – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
--Washington House – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Weiss – SEE: Heston Subject Binder
--Windsor – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 – Pamphlet Box)
Housing [SEE ALSO: Neighborhoods; Archival Collection H022 - Atlantic City Housing Authority Scrapbooks Collection; Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)]
Housing Authority [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H022 - Atlantic City Housing Authority Scrapbooks Collection]
Humane Society
Hydrangea Trail

Ice Skating Rink (“Ocean on Ice”) – SEE: Skating Rink
Immigrants
Impact of Casinos –SEE: Development of Atlantic City
Indian Monument – SEE: Gardner’s Basin-Indian Monument
Industry – SEE: Business & Industry
Infant Incubators
Inlet – SEE: Neighborhoods
Institute for Human Development
Irish-American Community Organizations/Events
Italian-American Community Organizations/Events [SEE ALSO: Churches-Catholic/St. Michael’s; Neighborhood-Ducktown]


Jack and Jill Club
Jails – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)
Japanese Tea Garden – SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9 - 659.152 Jap)
Jersey Devil [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
Jewish Community
Jitneys [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
Johnstown Flood (1904 Boardwalk Exhibit)

Kentucky Avenue Museum
Kentucky Avenue Renaissance
Korean War Memorial – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Ku Klux Klan (in Atlantic County in 1920’s)
Kwanzaa

Labor Unions
--HEREIU Local 54 (Hotel & Restaurant Employees International)
Lacrosse (Atlantic City Indian Team, 1930’s) [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
Law & Legal Codes – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6)
Law Enforcement – SEE: Police
LEAD ACT
Leeds Monument – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Liberty Bell Replica [SEE ALSO: Beer Bell]
Lifeboats – SEE: Van Duyne Boats
Lifesaving Stations [SEE ALSO: Lighthouse]
Lighthouse [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Little Belmont – SEE: Nightclubs
Lincoln Letter
Links, Inc. – SEE: Black Community Organizations/Events [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)]
Local 54 – SEE: Labor Unions--HEREIU Local 54

Main Street
Mansions – SEE: Architecture & Buildings
Maps of Atlantic City & Area – SEE: Archival Collection H020 - ACFPL Map Collection ; Heston Book Collection (Stack 13-Pamphlet Boxes)
Marathon - SEE: Atlantic City Marathon
Marathon Dances [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
Marble Shooting Meet – First National Event, June, 26, 1923
Marina (AC State Marina, Farley State Marina –SEE: Boating
Master Plan  [SEE ALSO: Governor Christie's Plan for Atlantic City 2010; Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)]
Mayors of Atlantic City [SEE ALSO: Local History Biography Files by name; Heston Photo Collection; Archival Collections H035 - ACFPL Scrapbook Collection; H036 - Taggart Scrapbook Collection]
Memorials – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Menus – SEE: Archival Collections H013 - ACFPL Menu Collection, 1903 - present
Mercer Memorial Home – SEE: Convalescent & Nursing Homes
Metal Detecting
Metropolitan Business & Citizens Association
Million Dollar Pier – SEE: Piers-Million Dollar Pier
Miss America [SEE ALSO: Heston Subject Binder; Archival Collections H029 - Miss America Collection, 1921-present; H047 - Samuel Formicola Miss America Collection, 1957-1968; H052 - Brisco Family Papers , 1923-1975 ; Heston Book Collection (Stack 3)]
--1920s
--1930s
--1940s
--1950s
--1960s
--1970s
--1980s
--1990s
--2000s
--2010s
--Pageant Parade
--Rose Walk
Miss Atlantic City & Little Miss Atlantic City
Miss'd America
Model Home of America
Monopoly [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9); Archival Collection H032 - ACFPL Game Collection]
Monuments – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Morris Guards – SEE: Heston Subject Binder; Archival Collection H015 - Morris Guards Collection, approx. 1893-1977; Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)
Motels – SEE: Hotels
Motion Picture Houses
Mr. Peanut
Municipal Hospital – SEE: Hospitals
Municipal Market
Municipal Utilities Authority – SEE: Atlantic City Municipal Utilities Authority
Music [SEE ALSO: Art & Cultural Organizations/Events; Convention Hall Organ; Performers; Archival Collection H054 - ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Sheet Music; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Muslim Community

N.A.A.C.P. – SEE: Black Community Organizations/Events
NAFEC (National Aviation Experimental Center) - SEE: Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center
Narcotics
Natco Realty & Development Company
National Guard
Needle Exchange
Neighborhoods
--Back Maryland
--Bungalow Park
--Chelsea (including Chelsea Heights and Lower Chelsea)
--Ducktown
--1st Ward
--Inlet (including South Inlet and Northeast Inlet)
--Pitney Village
--Press of Atlantic City series, 1998
--Stanley Holmes Village
--3rd Ward
--Venice Park
--Washington Square
--Westside [SEE ALSO: Transportation-Tunnel]
New Jersey Coastal Patrol #1 – SEE: Civil Air Patrol
Newspapers of Atlantic City
--Convention Hall Dedication Issue 1929 – SEE: Archival Collection H023 - Atlantic City Convention Hall Collection
--History
--Index 1983-1986 – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 2)
--N.J. Tercentary Edition - SEE: Heston Book Collection
--Press Club of Atlantic City [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--The Press of Atlantic City
--September 11, 2001 special edition “Attack on America”
Night Clubs
--Basin Street – SEE: Archival Collection H007 - Harold P. Abrams Collection
--Club Harlem – [SEE ALSO: Black History Photo Collection-Club Harlem; Archival Collections H008 - Alma Fay Horn Photograph Collection and H006 - Audrey Hart Photograph Collection; Kentucky Avenue Museum; Kentucky Avenue Renaissance]
--500 Club
--Little Belmont
--Paradise Club [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H007 - Harold P. Abrams Collection]
--Wonder Gardens
Noyes Museum – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations
Nuclear Power Plant (proposed in the 1970’s)

Obituaries – SEE: Local History Biography Files by name for some; for more information, see the Genealogy reference page
Ocean Life Center – SEE: Gardner’s Basin
Ocean Marathon Swim – SEE: Heston Subject Binder and Heston Photo Collection
Ocean on Ice Skating Rink – SEE: Skating Rink
Ocean One (Shopping Mall)
O’Donnell Memorial Park – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Offshore Drilling
101 Women Plus – SEE: Black Community Organizations/Events; Heston Book Collection (Stack 5)
Oral History – SEE: Archival Collections H040 - ACFPL Living History Project Collection; H005 - Dr. James R. Karmel Atlantic City Project Oral History Interviews
Organ – SEE: Convention Hall Organ
Organized Crime - SEE: Crime-Organized Crime

Pageant of Time 1930
Pageant Parade – SEE: Miss America-Pageant Parade
Panhandling
Paradise Club – SEE: Nightclubs-Paradise Club
Parent-Teacher Association (PTA)
Parks/Memorials/Monuments
--Brighton Park [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--Civil Rights Garden
--Columbus Statue/Columbus Plaza [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--Fort Clark
--Founding Monument
--Holocaust Memorial
--John James Walsh Park
--Kennedy Plaza
--Leeds Monument
--Oscar E. McClinton Park
--Park Easement Deeds
--Statue Honoring Fallen Construction Workers
--War Memorials
--All Wars Memorial Building [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H035-ACFPL Scrapbook Collection]
--Civil War Memorial-Soldiers & Sailors Monument
--New Jersey Korean War Memorial
--O’Donnell Memorial Park
--Purple Heart Memorial
--Shellem Royal Field
--Veterans Honor Roll
--World War I Memorial (Greek Temple Monument & “Liberty in Distress” Statue”)
--World War II Memorial (Memorial Trees & Plaques 1944-1945)
Payroll Padding Scandal 1960’s
Pennsylvania Slot Machines
Performers [SEE ALSO: Art & Cultural Organizations; Music]
Photographers
Photography – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
Piano Bonfire – SEE: Fires
Piers
--Garden Pier [SEE ALSO: Art & Cultural Organizations-Atlantic City Art Center; Art & Cultural Organizations-Atlantic City Historical Museum]
--Heinz Pier
--Howard’s Pier
--Million Dollar Pier
--Steel Pier [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--Steel Pier Programs [SEE ALSO: Diving Bell; Diving Horse; Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
--Steeplechase Pier
--Young’s Ocean Pier
Pitney Village – SEE: Neighborhoods
Planning – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 7)
Planning Board
Poetry [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 10)]
Poker – SEE: Gambling
Police [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6); Heston Photo Collection; Black History Photo Collection-Police/Firemen/VFW]
--American Babylon (documentary)
--Four Horsemen
Political Parties
Politics – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 6) [SEE ALSO: Atlantic City-Form of Government; Local History Biography Files by name; Elections; Mayors of Atlantic City]
Population
Porpoises
Post Office
--Post Office Murals 1939
Posters – SEE: Archival Collection H031 - ACFPL Art and Poster Collection
Poverty [SEE ALSO: Homeless]
Presidents’ Visits
Press Club of Atlantic City – SEE: Newspapers
Press of Atlantic City – SEE: Newspapers
Price’s Pit [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Pro-Am Bike Race – SEE: Bicycle Race 1976
Prohibition
Prostitution
Public Administration – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stacks 6, 7)
Public Health
Public Schools – SEE: Schools
Purple Heart Memorial – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments-War Memorials

Quakers – SEE: Friends Society of Atlantic City

Race Track -- SEE: Horse Racing
Radio & Television
Railroads [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection; Archival Collection H019 - "Trains to the Shore" Exhibit; Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
--Publications
Real Estate – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stacks 7, 8); Heston Photo Collection; Archival Collection H025 - Alfred M. Heston Papers
Real Estate 1930 and 1940s – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Red Cross
Relocation
Religious Institutions – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 5) [SEE ALSO: Churches; Friends Society of Atlantic City; Jewish Community; Salvation Army]
Rendezvous Park
Rescue Mission – SEE: Atlantic City Rescue Mission
Restaurants [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H013 - ACFPL Menu Collection, 1903-present]
Retail Shopping
Ripley’s Believe It Or Not Museum
Roads & Highways – SEE: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways
Rodeo
Roller Skating (“Sea Skate Pavilion”) – SEE: Skating Rink
Rolling Chairs [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
Rose Walk – SEE: Miss America-Rose Walk

Salt Water Taffy [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)]
Salt Works
Salvation Army
Sand Sculpture
Sand Snipers Basketball Team – SEE: Black History Photo Collection-Sand Snipers
Sandcastle – SEE: Architecture & Buildings-Bahia Vista/Sandcastle
Sandcastle Stadium – SEE: Baseball-Minor League
Schaufler’s Bell – SEE: Beer Bell
School Board
Schools [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8); Archival Collection H053 - Anthony Panico Atlantic City High School Collection, 1923-1992 ]
--Atlantic City High School
--Charter Schools
--Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. School
--Holy Spirit High School
--Our Lady Star of the Sea
--Public Schools General
--Vocational Schools
--Dates of Construction
Scrip
Sculpture [SEE ALSO: Gardner’s Basin-Indian Monument]
--Atlantic City Expressway
--Honeck Studio
Sea Gulls Basketball Team – SEE: Basketball
Sea Gulls Hockey Team – SEE: Archival Collections H016 - Atlantic City Sea Gulls Hockey Team Collection, 1936-1941; H052 - Brisco Family Papers, 1923-1950[SEE ALSO: Local History Biography File -Dorrington, Art; Heston Film Collection for documentary on Art Dorrington]
Sea Skate Pavilion – SEE: Skating Rink
Seafood Festival
Seal – SEE: Atlantic City--Seal & Flag
Sears Homes - SEE: Architecture & Bulidings
Semi Centennial – SEE: History of Atlantic City--Anniversaries
Sewer System
Seyfang Laboratories
Shipbuilding
Shipwrecks
Shore Memorial Hospital – SEE: Hospitals
Sister Jean’s Kitchen
Skating Rink
Skee Ball Tournamnet - SEE: Amusements
Skyline Views - SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Smoking in Casinos
Soldier’s & Sailors Monument – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments-Civil War Monument
Soldier’s Home – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments-All Wars Memorial Building
Sons of the American Revolution (Col. Richard Somers Chapter, Atlantic City)
South Jersey Gas Company
South Jersey Industries – SEE: South Jersey Gas Company
South Jersey Transportation Authority – SEE: Transportation-SJTA
Special Improvement District – SEE: Business & Industry
Sports [SEE ALSO: Atlantic City Country Club; Archival Collection H038 - Apex Country Club Photograph Collection; Baseball; Basketball; Bicycle Race; Black Baseball; Black Basketball; Boxing; Fishing Clubs; Football; Golf; Hockey; Lacrosse; Race Track; Swimming; Track]
Sports Betting
Stamp (Atlantic City Local Stamp)
Stanley Holmes Village – SEE: Neighborhoods
Steel Pier – SEE: Piers-Steel Pier [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9); Heston Photo Collection]
Steel’s Fudge – SEE: Fudge
Steeplechase Pier – SEE: Piers-Steeplechase Pier
Stockton State College
Stores – SEE: Photo Envelope; Retail Shopping
Storms [SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection]
--1888-1889
--1932
--1938
--1944
--1962
--1985
--2011
--2012
Street Guides – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 13-Pamphlet Boxes)
Streets – SEE: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways
Strip Clubs - SEE: Night Clubs
Surf Baseball Team – SEE: Baseball-Minor League
Swimming [SEE ALSO: Ocean Marathon Print Binder and Photo Binder; Swim Stars and Meets Scrapbooks]
Synagogues – SEE: Jewish Community

Telegraph & Telephone
Telephone Directories – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 3)
Television – SEE: Radio & Television
Theaters – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations
Thomas Edison House – SEE: Architecture & Buildings
Titanic
Top 40 Under 40
Totem Sculpture – SEE: Gardner’s Basin-Indian Monument
Tourism District
Track
Traffic – See: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways
Trains – SEE: Railroads [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
Transatlantic Telephone Call
Transportation [SEE ALSO: Airports & Airlines; Jitneys; Railroads; Trolleys; Print Binder; Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
--Atlantic County Transportation Authority (ACTA)
--South Jersey Transportation Authority (SJTA)
--Streets/Roads/Highways
---Atlantic City Expressway
---White & Black Horse Pikes
--Tunnel (A.C./Brigantine Connector); [SEE ALSO: Neighborhoods-Westside]
Travel & Tourism Promotional Materials and Visitor’s Guides -SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stacks 11, 13-Pamphlet Boxes)
Travel & Tourism Reports
Travel & Tourism Statistics
Trolleys [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)]
--Last Trolley Ride
Tuna (Fishing) Club – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 10)
Tunnel Project – SEE: Transportation-Tunnel (A.C./Brigantine Connector) [SEE ALSO: Neighborhoods-West Side]
Tussaud’s Wax Museum
TV Shows

U-Boats
Unions – SEE: Labor Unions
United Nations (Atlantic City Bid for Headquarters Site) [SEE ALSO: Heston Book Collection (Stack 16)]
United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration
United Negro College Fund – SEE: Black Community Organizations
Urban Renewal – SEE: Development of Atlantic City
US Lifesaving Station - SEE: Lifesaving Stations
Utilities – SEE: Atlantic City Electric; Atlantic City Municipal Utilities Authority/ACUA

Van Duyne Boats
Venice Park – SEE: Neighborhoods
Ventnor Boat Works
Veterans of Foreign Wars – SEE: Heston Photo Collection
Vioxx Trial
Vision 2000 – SEE: Black Community Organizations

The Walk – SEE: Retail Shopping
War Memorials – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments
Warner Theater – SEE: Art & Cultural Organizations-Theaters
Water Supply
Wawa Dairies – SEE: Dairies
Weather – SEE: Climate & Weather [SEE ALSO: Storms]
Wedding Chapel – SEE: Casinos/Specific -- Caesars
Wedding of the Sea – SEE ALSO: Heston Photo Collection
Westside – SEE: Neighborhoods
Wetlands – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 9)
White Horse Pike – SEE: Transportation-Streets/Roads/Highways
Wikipedia
Wilson Dairy Company – SEE: Dairies
Wind Farm
Women [SEE ALSO: Archival Collection H018 - "Women in War and Peace" Exhibit]
Women’s Clubs, Federation of – SEE: Women
Women’s Coalition Press – SEE: Women
Women’s Hall of Fame – SEE: Women
Wonder Garden – SEE: Nightclubs
World War I Memorial – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments-War Memorials
World War II [SEE ALSO: Camp Boardwalk Anniversaries; Civil Air Patrol; Coast Guard; Seyfang Laboratories; U-Boats; Ventnor Boatworks; Archival Collections H024 - "Atlantic City Remembers World War II" Exhibit; H036 - Taggart Scrapbook Collection; Photo Binders]
--Thomas England General Hospital
World War II Memorial – SEE: Parks/Memorials/Monuments-War Memorials
WPA (Works Progress Administration)
Wrigley Pharmaceutical Company

Yearbooks, Atlantic City High School – SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)
Yearbooks, Holy Spirit High School - SEE: Heston Book Collection (Stack 8)
YMCA/YWCA

Zoning Board [SEE ASLO: Planning Board; Archival Collection H013 - ACFPL Map Collection for zoning maps]

Give me a short history of Atlantic City, New Jersey.

When did casino gambling start in Atlantic City?

casino skyline The issue of casino gambling first appeared on a ballot for New Jersey voters on November 5, 1974. This initial referendum was defeated in 19 of New Jersey's 21 counties, with about 60% of votes cast against it. A revised referendum, limiting gambling exclusively to the city limits of Atlantic City, was placed on the ballot November 2, 1976. The second referendum was approved by a slim margin, with approximately 1.5 million voters in favor of it and 1.14 million opposed. Atlantic City's first casino, Resorts International, opened on May 26, 1978.

Read more about the History of Casino Gambling in Atlantic City

Where and when was the first boardwalk constructed?

boadrwalk1 The first boardwalk built in the United States was in Atlantic City, New Jersey in 1870. A petition was presented to City Council on April 25, 1870 for the construction of a footwalk on the beach, and $5,000 in funds was allocated for construction. The footwalk opened to the public on June 26, 1870 and was eight feet wide, one mile long, and stood approximately one foot above the sand. Twenty-five years later Boardwalk was made an official street name in Atlantic City. (As an official street name, Boardwalk is always capitalized when referring to the street in Atlantic City.)

The deck of the Atlantic City Boardwalk is made of specially-treated yellow Southern pine with Douglas fir joists. As of 2001, the City Engineer uses Bethabara, a Brazilian wood, to replace damaged planks in the Boardwalk. The herringbone pattern dates from 1916. The Boardwalk’s supports are concrete-encased steel beams. The railings are galvanized aluminum.

Boardwalk from Steel Pier looking East. (1900, H009.Boardwalk004; ACFPL Heston Collection)
The current length of the Atlantic City Boardwalk is a little more than 4 miles. At the widest point, it is 60 feet wide, and it stands 12 feet above sea level. The combined length of the current Atlantic City and Ventnor Boardwalks is approximately 5.75 miles. The historic length of the Boardwalk, before the 1944 hurricane, was about 7 miles and it extended from Atlantic City, through Ventnor and Margate into Longport.

Over the years, the Boardwalk has been reconstructed to provide better access and stability:

  • The 2nd Boardwalk constructed in Atlantic City was opened about June, 1, 1880.
  • The 3rd Boardwalk opened about June 1, 1884.
  • The 4th Boardwalk was dedicated May 10, 1890.
  • The 5th Boardwalk was dedicated July 8, 1896.
H049.917.4985Eas153
Easter Promenade, Atlantic City. (Bef. 1907, H049.917.4985Boa153; ACFPL Heston Collection)

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Frank Butler. Book of the Boardwalk. Atlantic City, NJ: Haines and Co., 1952.

W. Earle Hawkins. Atlantic City Boardwalk, Relighted. Cleveland, Ohio: Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 1954.

Vicki Gold Levi. Atlantic City, 125 Years of Ocean Madness. New York: C.N. Potter, distributed by Crown Publishing, 1979.

Jim Lilliefors. America's Boardwalks: from Coney Island to California. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006.

William S. Purdie, P.P. "Design Review: the Atlantic City Boardwalk, a photoessay of the Boardwalk." Atlantic County, NJ: Atlantic County Department of Regional Planning and Development, 1987.

James C. Rogers. A Walk By the Sea: the story of the wonderful Atlantic City Boardwalk. [?]: [?], 1926.

Emil R. Salvini. Boardwalk Memories: tales of the Jersey Shore. Guilford, Conn.: Insider's Guide, 2006.

Subject File:
Boardwalk
Boardwalk - Centennial, 1970
Boardwalk - Trams

Archival Collections:
ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Photographs, Boardwalk 90th Anniversary Photo Collection

ACFPL Film Collection

Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate other photographs and postcards on this subject.

What is salt water taffy?

taffy A popular, sticky Boardwalk treat, the term "salt water taffy" originated on the Atlantic City Boardwalk in the 1880s.

The first to sell a taffy confection of any sort on the Boardwalk, so far as can be discovered, were Ritchie Brothers and Windle W. Hollis, both of whom sold taffy about 1880. Popular legend says that another candy seller, David Bradley, who operated a candy stand at St. James Place and the Boardwalk, had an accident one night in August 1883. A storm splashed seawater over his candy stock. The story continues that a young lady purchased some taffy the next day, and Bradley remarked that it was "Salt Water Taffy". The name stuck, and because Bradley did not copyright or trademark the product, other candy-makers used it to advertise their own taffy.

The first mention of a Salt Water Taffy business in the Atlantic City City Directory was in 1889 under the name "Hollis, Windle W., Original Salt Water Taffy". Today, there are numerous sellers of the colorful treat on the Boardwalk and beyond.

Would you like to make your own salt water taffy? Try this recipe at Exploratorium.

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Frank Butler. Book of the Boardwalk. Atlantic City, NJ: Haines and Co., 1952.

Arthur H. Gager III. The History of Salt Water Taffy and the Life of Joseph F. Fralinger. N.p.: 2 ed., 1983.

Bryant Simon. Boardwalk of Dreams. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Subject Files:
Salt Water Taffy

Archival Collections:
Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate photographs and postcards on this subject.

I'd like a list of the Mayors of Atlantic City.

Mayors of Atlantic City

Name   Year(s) as Mayor
Chalkley S. Leeds   1854 - 1856
Richard Hacket   1856 (one month)
John G.W. Avery   1856 - 1857
Lewis Reed   1858 - 1861
Chalkley S. Leeds   1862
Jacob Middleton   1863 - 1864
Robert T. Evard   1865
David W. Belisle   1866 - 1867
Lemuel C. Eldridge   1868 (three months)
John J. Gardner gardener 1868 - 1872
Charles Souder   1873
John J. Gardner gardener 1874 - 1875
Willard Wright   1876 - 1877
John L. Bryant   1878
Willard Wright   1879
Harry L. Slape   1880
Willard Wright   1881
Charles Maxwell   1882 - 1885
Thomas C. Garrett   1886
Samuel D. Hoffman   1887 - 1891
Willard Wright   1892 - 1893
Franklin P. Stoy   1894 - 1897
Joseph Thompson   1898 - 1899
Franklin P. Stoy   1900 - 1911
George Carmany   1911 (six months)
Harry Bacharach bacharach mayor  - May 1912 (six months)
William Riddle   1912 - 1916
Harry Bacharach bacharach mayor 1916 - 1920
Edward L. Bader bader mayor 1920 - January 29, 1927
Anthony M. Ruffu, Jr.   1927 - 1930
Joseph Paxson (acting mayor)   1930 (three weeks)
Harry Bacharach bacharach mayor July 10, 1930 - July 18, 1935
Charles D. White   July 1935 - 1940
Thomas D. Taggart, Jr.   May 1940 - 1944
Joseph Altman   1944 - January 10, 1967
John A. O'Donnell (acting mayor)   January 10, 1967 -
Richard S. Jackson   May 19, 1967 - November 10, 1969
William T. Somers   November 12, 1969 - May 1972
Joseph Bradway, Jr.   May 16, 1972 - 1976
Joseph Lazarow lazarow mayor May 1976 - July 2, 1982
Michael J. Matthews   July 2, 1982 - March 14, 1984
James L. Usry   March 14, 1984 - July 2, 1990
James Whelan   July 2, 1990 - December 31, 2001
Lorenzo Langford langford mayor December 31, 2001 - January 1, 2006
Robert Levy   January 1, 2006 - October 10, 2007
William Marsh (acting mayor)   October 10, 2007 - November 21, 2007
Scott K. Evans evans mayor November 21, 2007 - November 13, 2008
Lorenzo Langford langford mayor November 13, 2008 - January 1, 2014
Donald A. Guardian   January 1, 2014 - present
From 1854 to 1886, the mayor’s term of office was one year. From 1886 to 1912, the mayor’s term of office was two years. In 1912, the term of office became four years.

In November 2000, Atlantic City voters approved a referendum changing the date and form of municipal elections. Previously held in May, the date for elections was moved to November, and political party affiliation was included on the ballot. The first election following the referendum was held in November 2001, and the new mayoral term began on January 1, 2002.

The city’s first African-American mayor was James L. Usry. Atlantic City has never had an elected female mayor.

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Detroit Bureau of Governmental Research. The Government of the City of Atlantic City, New Jersey: a report prepared for the Atlantic City Survey Commission. Detroit, Mich.: The Bureau, 1930. [photocopy]
Butler, Frank. Book of the Boardwalk. Atlantic City, NJ: Haines and Co., 1952.
English, A.L. History of Atlantic City, New Jersey. Philadelphia, Pa.: Dickson and Gilling: 1884.
Heston, Alfred M. History of Atlantic City Hall and Jail. [Atlantic City, NJ]: Alfred M. Heston, 1901.
Paulsson, Martin W. Politics and Progressivism in Atlantic City: a brief hour of reform. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1992. [photocopy]
University of Pennsylvania, Government Study Group, Department of Political Science. A New Government for Atlantic City: a strong mayor strong council plan. [Philadelphia, Pa.]:University of Pennsylvania, 1979.

Subject File:
Mayors of Atlantic City
Atlantic City - City Hall Officials
Additionally, there are biography files for most of the mayors, by last name.

Archival Collections:
Mayor Thomas Taggart Papers
Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate photographs and postcards on this subject.

How did the Miss America Pageant start?

As early as 1902, Atlantic City merchants promoted a Floral Parade of bathing beauties. In the early parade, the decorated rolling chairs were judged, rather than the ladies riding in them.

In 1921, as a device for extending the summer season beyond Labor Day, some Atlantic City businessmen organized a small-scale beauty contest. Seven cities in the Northeast each sent a "beauty maid" to represent them in the contest during the first week of September. The first winner was sixteen year-old Margaret Gorman, representing Washington, D.C., who was awarded a Golden Mermaid statue and the title "Miss America". The first contestants, clad in bathing suits, were judged solely on their appearance. From this two-day event evolved the Miss America Pageant.

Research the Miss America Pageant and its history in Atlantic City

How did Chicken Bone Beach get its name?

chickenboneThe sandy stretch from Missouri Avenue to Ohio Avenue was a dedicated area where African Americans could enjoy the Atlantic City Beach from 1900 until the early 1950s. This segregated beach came to be known as Chicken Bone Beach, as families and visitors arrived for a day at the beach with chicken dinners packed in picnic baskets.

African American visitors to Chicken Bone Beach included Sammy Davis, Jr., Ella Fitzgerald, Count Basie, Duke Ellington, the Club Harlem showgirls, Jackie Robinson, Lena Horne, and Sugar Ray Robinson. Musicians would hold impromptu concerts on the stretch, while children and adults splashed in the ocean and played on the sand. The Atlantic City Beach Patrol employed an all-black patrol that guarded Chicken Bone Beach at Missouri. The first black beach patrol captain was William Rube Albouy.

The City of Atlantic City designated Chicken Bone Beach as a local historic site on August 6, 1997. Currently, a historical foundation exists to promote family programs and activities at Missouri Avenue, including a summer jazz concert series.

Chicken Bone Beach Historical Foundation

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Charles E. Funnell By the Beautiful Sea: the rise and high times of that great resort Atlantic City. New York: Knopf, 1975.

Levi, Vicki Gold. Atlantic City, 125 Years of Ocean Madness. New York: C.N. Potter, 1979.

Subject Files:

Chicken Bone Beach
Black History in Atlantic City

Archival Collections:

"30 Years, 30 Voices" Oral History Project, 2008: Interview with Henrietta Shelton
Chicken Bone Beach Collection
Audrey Hart Photograph Collection
Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate some of the photographs and postcards on this subject.

What is a jitney?

jitney1997 The word "jitney" is a slang word for nickel, which is what it cost in 1915 for a ride in one of Atlantic City's earliest buses.  Even though the price has increased over the years, the name stuck and today you can still hop on a jitney to travel around Atlantic City.

The first jitneys in Atlantic City date to March 1915 and looked very similar to regular cars. They were large, black Ford model-T touring cars which used a rope-and-pulley system to open the back doors. Over the years, there have been more than eight different designs and at least four different colors for the Atlantic City jitneys. The current version, introduced in 1997, is a thirteen-passenger light-blue mini-bus by Champion Motor Coach. In 1982, a retired 1963 jitney was donated to the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History.

An Atlantic City jitney, ca. 1997. (Photograph
courtesy of the Atlantic City Jitney Association website.
)


The Atlantic City Jitney Association, established in 1915, claims to be the longest-running unsubsidized transit company in the United States. Each jitney is individually owned and operated, and drivers keep the fares. The Association awards the franchises and regulates the appearance of the buses and drivers; the Association also issues fines for violations and holds its own traffic court.By Atlantic City ordinance, the number of jitney franchises is limited to 190. City ordinance also regulates the price per trip and controls the jitney routes. Most of the jitneys routes run along Pacific Avenue. A jitney shuttle also runs from the Atlantic City Train Station to the various Casinos. For jitney routes and prices, please visit the Atlantic City Jitney Association website.

jitney1955
Jitney with driver posing. (1950, H009.388.4Jit1011; ACFPL Heston Collection)

RELATED RESOURCES IN THE HESTON COLLECTION

City of Atlantic City. City Ordinances, 1915-1917, 1920, 2008, and other years.

A.M. Heston, compiler. Clippings: trolley and jitney wars of Atlantic City 1888-1889, 1915-1916.

"Jitneys of Atlantic City." Motor Coach Today, vol. 4, no. 2 (April –June 1997).

"The Vogue of the Jitney." The Detective, vol. XXI, part 11 (June 1915).

Subject Files:
Jitneys
Transportation

Archival Collections:
Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate photographs and postcards on this subject.

What is the connection between the game Monopoly and Atlantic City?

oldmonopoloy Charles B. Darrow, an unemployed salesman and inventor living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania struggling to support his family in the years following the great stock market crash of 1929, is credited with inventing Monopoly as we know it. Darrow remembered his summers spent in Atlantic City, New Jersey and spent his spare time drawing the streets of Atlantic City on his kitchen tablecloth, with found pieces of material, paints, and wood contributed by local merchants. A game was already forming in his mind as he built little hotels, houses and other tokens to go along with his painted streets.

Soon friends and family gathered nightly to sit round the kitchen table to buy, rent and sell real estate, all part of a game involving spending vast sums of play money. It quickly became a favorite activity among those with little real cash of their own. The friends soon wanted copies of the game to play at home (especially the winners.) The accommodating inventor began selling copies of his board game for four dollars each. He then made up a few sets and offered them to department stores in Philadelphia.

Photograph of Monopoly Board ca. 1935. (H009.Monopoly002; ACFPL Heston Collection)
Orders for the game increased to the point where Darrow decided to try to sell the game to a game manufacturer rather than going into full-scale manufacturing. He wrote to Parker Brothers to see if the company would be interested in producing and marketing the game on a national basis. The company turned down Darrow’s offer, explaining that his game contained "fifty-two fundamental errors", including that the game took too long to play, the rules were too complicated and there was no clear goal for the winner.

Darrow continued to manufacture the game; he hired a friend in the printing business to produce five thousand copies. He filled orders from department stores including F. A. O. Schwarz. One of his customers was a friend of Sally Barton, the wife of Parker Brothers' president, George Parker. The friend told Mrs. Barton about how much fun Monopoly was, and the friend also suggested that Mrs. Barton tell her husband. Mr. Barton listened to his wife and bought a copy of the game. He arranged to discuss business with Darrow in Parker Brothers' New York office and offered to buy the game and give Charles Darrow royalties on all sets sold. Darrow accepted in 1935 and permitted Parker Brothers to develop a shorter variation on the game, included as an option to the rules.

The royalties from Monopoly made Charles Darrow a millionaire, the first game inventor to make that much money. In 1970, a few years after Darrow's death, Atlantic City erected a commemorative plaque in his honor. It stands on the Boardwalk, near the corner of Park Place.

monopoly tribute
Charles B. Darrow Boardwalk plaque at Boardwalk and Park Place. (Undated, H009.Monopoly001; ACFPL Heston Collection)
 

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Maxine Brady. The Monopoly Book: strategy and tactics of the world’s most popular game. New York: D. McKay Co., 1974.

Rod Kennedy, Jr. and Jim Waltzer. Monopoly, the story behind the world’s best-selling game. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2004.

Philip Orbanes. The Monopoly Companion. Boston, Mass.: Bob Adams, Inc., 1988.

Noel Gunther and Richard Hutton. Beyond Boardwalk and Park Place: the unauthorized guide to making Monopoly fun again. New York: Bantam Books, 1986.

Subject Files:
Monopoly

Archival Collections:
ACFPL Game Collection

ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Photographs – Uncataloged Photographs by subject

What is the origin of the rolling chairs on the Boardwalk?

rollingchair At the Philadelphia Convention in 1876 rolling chairs were first introduced for recreational use. These early chairs, which accommodated only one person, closely resembled wheelchairs (or invalid chairs) of that time. The chairs arrived in Atlantic City by 1884, when Philadelphia merchant Harry D. Shill started offering them for rent. In 1887, William Hayday, who owned a hardware store near the Boardwalk, started renting similar wheelchairs to vacationers in Atlantic City and provided attendants to push the chairs.

When the first Boardwalk was laid out in 1870, vehicles of any kind were prohibited. The construction of the third Boardwalk in 1884 was more accessible to vehicles, and wheelchairs were allowed for the use of handicapped persons. Some individuals pretended to need the chairs. City authorities made no objection to this, and the practice grew. The City began licensing rolling chairs in 1891, charging a $10 fee for each chair.
Early Rolling Chair. (H009.388.341Rol; ACFPL Heston Collection)

RELATED RESOURCES IN THE HESTON COLLECTION

Frank Butler. Book of the Boardwalk. Haines and Co.: Atlantic City, NJ, 1952.
A.E. Seidel.  100 Years of Boardwalk Rolling Chairs.  N.p.: Atlantic City, NJ, 1984.
Bryant Simon. Boardwalk of Dreams. Oxford University Press: New York, 2004.

Subject Files:
Rolling Chairs
Rolling Chairs News Excerpts (388.341 Rol)

Archival Collections:
Please see the Heston Collection indexes at the Reference Desk to locate postcards and photographs on this subject.

When did Steel Pier open?

old steelpier Steel Pier originally opened in 1898 and takes its name from the iron pilings driven into the ocean ground, which are topped by steel girders. The original pier jutted out 1,621 feet from the Boardwalk and cost $350.000 to build.

Billed as "the Showplace of the Nation", it quickly became known for showcasing the world's top entertainers. From the 1920s through the 1950s, everyone who was anyone played Steel Pier. Annie Oakley headlined the opening festivities on June 18, 1898. W.C. Fields was a member of the minstrel group that appeared during the Pier's inaugural season, but headline appearances quickly followed for him and many others. Guy Lombardo, Benny Goodman, Jimmy Dorsey, Mae West, Charlie Chaplin, The Three Stooges, Bob Hope, Amos 'n Andy, Frank Sinatra - all entertained on Steel Pier. Many Big Bands launched their careers with a stint on Steel Pier. The Diving Horse was also a mainstay on Steel Pier for many years.

Steel Pier with airplane flying over. (1930, H009.624.158Ste061; ACFPL Heston Collection)
After a 1982 fire, the Steel Pier was revived as an amusements-only attraction in 1993. For many years, it was one of the few family friendly spots in town. The Pier itself is currently owned by Trump Entertainment Resorts, Inc. and includes amusements and attractions for all ages. For hours, ticket information, and information on rides and attractions, see the Steel Pier website.

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Jim Futrell. Amusement Parks of New Jersey. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 2004.

Steve Leibowitz. Steel Pier, Atlantic City: Showplace of the Nation. West Creek, NJ: Down the Shore Pub., 2009.

Vicki Gold Levi. Atlantic City, 125 Years of Ocean Madness. New York: C.N. Potter, distributed by Crown Publishers, 1979.

Jim Waltzer and Tom Wilk. Tales of South Jersey: Profiles and Personalities. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Subject Files:
Diving Horse
Piers – Steel Pier
Piers – Steel Pier Programs

Archival Collections:
ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Photographs, Steel Pier Ford Motor Co. Exhibit Photographs, 1940

ACFPL Film Collection

Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate photographs and postcards on this subject.

What is the history of the diving horse?

diving horse 2 One of the most famous acts on the Boardwalk - and one of the iconic symbols of old Atlantic City - was the Diving Horse act that was introduced to Steel Pier in the late 1920s and continued until 1978. A revised version of the act was briefly resurrected for a few months in 1993.

According to Atlantic City historian Allen "Boo" Pergament, William F. "Doc" Carver, a former show partner of "Buffalo Bill" Cody invented the diving horse act in 1881 after a wooden bridge gave way under him, and he and his horse fell into the Platte River in Nebraska. He turned this episode into an act and performed it at county fairs. Frank P. Gravatt, an Atlantic City hotel builder, brought the act to Steel Pier in 1928.

Sisters Sonora Webster Carver and Arnette Webster French were among the first diving horse riders. In August 1931, Sonora Webster Carver was blinded in a diving accident when the horse landed badly. She continued to dive, though. Her story was depicted in the 1991 Walt Disney movie, Wild Hearts Can’t Be Broken.

Diving Horse in Mid-Flight. (1930, H009.624.158Div582; ACFPL Heston Collection)
Below is an incomplete list of the Atlantic City diving horse riders and the years they dove:

Lorena (or Leonora) Carver, Doc Carver’s daughter and the first rider, dove from 1913-1938
Sonora Webster Carver, Doc Carver’s daughter-in-law, dove from 1923-1942
Shae Chandler
Josephine K. De Angelis, friend of Sonora and Arnette Webster, dove from 1935-1942 
Patty Dolan
Margaret (or Marjorie) Downs, a substitute rider from 1933-1934 
Elsa
Arnette Webster French, Sonora Carver’s sister, dove from 1928, 1931-1935
Olive Gelnaw
Barbara E. Gose, 1967
Grace, 1936
Florence Virginia Griffith (nee Thompson)
Marion S. Hackney
Lynne Jordan, rider in the 1960s
Marie, 1929, 1931
Marty
Terrie McDevitt, the last of the diving horse riders, from 1976-1978
Ann Miles, substitute rider in the 1960s
Elsa Rahr

Some of the diving horses were:

Apollo
Dimah
Duchess of Lightning (or Lightning)
Emir
Gamal
Gordonel
John the Baptist
Judas
Junior
Klatawah
Lorga (or Lorgah)
Powderface (or Powder Face)
Pure as Snow (or Snow)
Red Lips
Shiloh
Silver King

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Sonora Carver. A Girl and Five Brave Horses. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1961.

Linda Oatman High. The Girl on the High-diving Horse. New York: Philomel Books, 2003.

Vicki Gold Levi. Atlantic City, 125 Years of Ocean Madness. New York: C.N. Potter, distributed by Crown Publishers, 1979.

Jim Waltzer and Tom Wilk. Tales of South Jersey: Profiles and Personalities. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Wild Hearts Can’t Be Broken. Walt Disney, 1991. (video and DVD)

Subject Files:
Carver, Lorena
Diving Horse
Downs, Margaret H.
Piers – Steel Pier Programs

Archival Collections:
Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate photographs and postcards on this subject.

When did the first picture postcards appear in the United States?

old postcard Some older sources incorrectly report that picture postcards first appeared in Atlantic City. The first picture postcards in the United States appeared at the 1893 Chicago Columbian Exposition. These were sold in a vending machine in sets of 10.

Carl Voelker, Sr., publisher of a local newspaper, introduced the first Atlantic City picture postcards in 1893 or 1896. His wife brought the idea home to Atlantic City after a visit to Germany. The Voelkers printed cards with scenes of Atlantic City in color. Many early Atlantic City postcards were printed in Germany.
Young's Hotel and Pier. (1911, H049.647.94You570; ACFPL Heston Collection)

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Lida Hall. Atlantic City Remembered: thirty-two postcards made from antique postcards. Atlantic City, NJ: Chelsea Press, 1979.

James D. Ristine. Atlantic City. Arcadia Publishing, 2008.

Archival Collections:

ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Postcards

Anthony J. Kutschera Postcard Collection

Where is the All Wars Memorial Building?

In the 1920s, Atlantic City erected two buildings in memory of the area’s war veterans.

allwars1 The All Wars Memorial Building at 814 Pacific Avenue opened on April 24, 1924. It was used as headquarters for the City’s white veterans’ groups. The building boasted a 600-seat auditorium and a dining room that seated 280. This building was purchased and demolished by the Trump organization in the 1990s.
All Wars Memorial Building at Night
(Pacific Ave.)
. (1935, H009.725.94All309; ACFPL Heston Collection)
The other building, known variously as the Westside or Northside All Wars Memorial Building or the Old Soldiers’ Home, is located at 1510 Adriatic Avenue. It was dedicated on August 15, 1925 and served as a center for the resort’s black veterans. The building originally included dormitories, which were later converted in two 1,500-seat auditoriums and meeting rooms.

Rheims Post 564 of the Veterans of Foreign Wars began campaigning in 1920 for a building for veterans. Wounded veterans were often sent to the seashore to recover, but there was not a home for black veterans. In February 1921, the City commissioners authorized the construction of “a building to be dedicated to public use as a permanent memorial commemorative of the services of the soldiers and sailors of the colored race of the City of Atlantic City, who have served in any war in which the United States has participated” (City of Atlantic City Public Ordinance No. 6, 1921). Various individuals and corporations donated more than $45,500 for the construction of the Old Soldiers’ Home.

The Old Soldier’s Home served as the center for the City’s Northside residents and members of that area’s Veterans of Foreign Wars, the American Legion, and the United Spanish War Veterans for many years.

As of 1998, the building was not listed on the National Historic Register. In 2005, the City of Atlantic City decided to renovate the Old Soldiers’ Home, expending $11.2 million for the project. The renovation includes two additions, making the structure 29,100 square feet. The renovated building includes three ballrooms, improved kitchens, tennis courts, and a memorial to the resort’s soldiers. The project was completed in 2008 and the building was reopened for public use. allwars2
All Wars Memorial Building Renovations, from the corner of  New York and Drexel Avenues.
(2008, H009.AllWars2008.corner of NY and Drexel)
[Gary Baker, for the City of Atlantic City]

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

City of Atlantic City, Public Ordinances, 1919-1924.

Subject Files:
Parks/Memorials/Monuments – War Memorials – All Wars Memorial Building

Archival Collection:
All Wars Memorial Buliding [Pacific Avenue building] Guest Book, 1924-1933. [Part of H041, Col. John Jacob Astor Camp #28 Records.]

Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate photographs and postcards on this subject.

Where was the term “airport” first used?

airport Bader Field and Planes. (1969, H009.387.7Bad410; ACFPL Heston Collection)

The name "airport" was coined in Atlantic City to designate its airfield, Edward L. Bader Field, which was accessible from both air and water. No actual record exists for who is responsible for the name, but two stories exist. Henry Woodhouse, one of the owners of the field is said to have come up with the name when it opened on May 10, 1919. A second story tells of a newspaperman, William B. Dill, editor of The Press of Atlantic City, first using the term. What is known is that immediately following the 1910 Atlantic City Aero Show, in which the airplanes took off from the beach, famous air-traveler Augustus Post wrote an article entitled "Atlantic City, the New Air Port".

On September 30, 2006, Bader Field closed. At that time, it was the oldest operational municipal airport in the country. There are no definite plans for the property at this time.

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Frank Butler. Book of the Boardwalk. Atlantic City, NJ: Haines and Co., 1952.

Col. Lester E. Hopper. Civil Air Patrol Oral History Program: Interview of Ms. Mairlou Crescenzo Eggenweiler. El Paso, Texas, 1984.

Atlantic City Airports: clippings, 1941-1970. Atlantic City, NJ: Atlantic City Free Public Library, 1994.

Subject Files:

Aviation - Airports and Airlines – Bader Field
Aviation History
Aviation History - Aero Show Meet 1910
History of Atlantic City – Firsts

Archival Collections:
ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Photographs, Aero Show Meet, 1910

ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Photographs, Civil Air Patrol

Please see the Heston Collection Indexes at the Reference Desk to locate other photographs and postcards on this subject.

Who is Sarah Spencer Washington?

sarah spencer "Madame Washington" as she was widely known, was a millionaire black businesswoman and founded the Apex News & Hair Company. She was born June 6, 1889 in Beckley, Virginia and died March 23, 1953 in Atlantic City. In 1913 she started a hairdressing business in Atlantic City, and later expanded the business, teaching students and developing beauty products. In 1920, noting the lack of beauty products for African Americans, she founded the Apex News & Hair Company. Apex maintained a lab and school in Atlantic City, as well as an office in New York City. Eventually her beauty colleges were located in twelve states and there were 35,000 agents all over the world. After Washington’s death, her daughter, Joan Cross Washington, led the company until it was sold.

Madame Washington has been called one of the most important business executives in the black community. She was honored at the 1939 New York World's Fair as one of the "Most Distinguished Businesswomen". She founded a nursing home - Apex Rest - for the elderly in Atlantic City, and after encountering discrimination at the local golf course, she established her own for people of all races to enjoy a round of golf. She initiated an Easter Parade for African Americans in Atlantic City when they were denied entry to the annual event on the Atlantic City Boardwalk. She was also an active member of the Atlantic City Board of Trade.

Sarah Spencer Washington, proprietor of Apex News & Hair Co. (1940s, H038.Apex001; ACFPL Heston Collection)


Related Resources in the Heston Collection





Atlantic City Board of Trade. Board of Trade: Annual Directory. Atlantic City, NJ: The Board, various years.

Richlyn F. Goddard. Three Months to Hurry and Nine Months to Worry: resort life for African Americans in Atlantic City, NJ 1850-1940. Ph.D. dissertation. Washington, DC: Howard University, 2001.

Subject Files:
Black Businesses
Sara Spencer Washington



Archival Collections:
Apex Country Club Photograph Collection

Sarah Spencer Washington Exhibit Materials

Who was Nucky Johnson?

nucky Enoch L. "Nucky" Johnson was an Atlantic City political boss and racketeer who unofficially ran the Republican political machine that controlled Atlantic City and Atlantic County from the 1910s - 1930s. Born in 1883 in Smithville, New Jersey, "Nucky" (a nickname derived from his first name) was allegedly involved in promoting bootlegging during Prohibition, illegal gambling activities and prostitution. Johnson's trademark was a fresh red carnation in his lapel, and he frequently wore a full-length raccoon coat in the winter.

Johnson graduated from Atlantic City High School in 1900. In 1905, he was appointed undersheriff (his father was sheriff), and in 1908, he was elected sheriff when his father's term expired. He became secretary of the powerful Atlantic County Republican Executive Committee in 1909. In 1911, local political boss Louis Kuehnle was convicted on corruption charges and imprisoned; Johnson allegedly succeeded him as boss. Officially, Johnson held various jobs, including Atlantic County Treasurer (1914), County Tax Collector, publisher of a weekly newspaper, bank director, president of a building and loan company, director of a Philadelphia brewery, and salesman for an oil company (after 1945).

In May 1939, after an extensive federal investigation, Nucky Johnson was indicted for income tax evasion in the sum of $125,000. He was convicted in July 1941 and sentenced to 10 years in prison and a $20,000 fine. He entered Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary on August 11, 1941, was paroled on August 15, 1945, and took a pauper's oath to avoid paying the fine. Johnson died on December 9, 1968 at the Atlantic County Convalescent Home in Northfield, New Jersey.

Related Resources in the Heston Collection

Grace Anselmo D'Amato. Chance of a Lifetime: Nucky Johnson, Skinny D'Amato and How Atlantic City Became the Naughty Queen of Resorts. Harvey Cedars, NJ: Down the Shore Publishing, 2001.

Nelson Johnson. Boardwalk Empire: the birth, high times, and corruption of Atlantic City. Medford, NJ: Plexus, 2002.

William McMahon. So Young, So Gay! Atlantic City, NJ: Press Publishing, 1970.

John Stoneburg. The Boardwalk Empire: the Nucky Johnson story. [S.l.: n.p.], [1968].

US Department of Justice and US Department of Treasury. The Case of Enoch L. Johnson: a complete report of the Atlantic City investigation conducted jointly by the Treasury Department and the Department of Justice. [United States: n.p.], [1942].

Chick Yeager. The Republican Boss Era of Atlantic City, 1900-1971. [S.l.: n.p.], 1981.

Subject Files:
Enoch "Nucky" Johnson
Nelson Johnson
Organized Crime

Archival Collections:
ACFPL Collection of Atlantic City Photographs

ACFPL Living History Project (interviews that mention Nucky Johnson include #2 Leon Binder, #23 Frank Hires, # 27 Leslie Kammerman, #33 James Latz, #52 Eddie Solitaire, and Anonymous Interview #5 "Chester").

Atlantic City Board of Trade advertising pamphlets